A single parent or a solo parent (as they are often called) is a parent who is not living with a partner, and carries the burden of raising a child or children alone.
Since the 1960s, the number of children living with single parents has dramatically increased.
The 1960 United States Census reported that 9% of children were dependent on a single parent, a number that has increased to 28% by the 2000 US Census. Of course, this spike was caused by the increase in divorce rates and teenage/unmarried pregnancies. In fact, unmarried women and divorce women accounted for 36% of all births in the united states as at year 2000! Of course, deaths of spouses are also a factor, but only accounted for 1.2% of children living with single parents!
According to the census, 11% of children were living with parents who had never been married, 15.6% of children lived with a divorced parent, and 1.2% lived with a parent who was widowed. As at 2010, 27% of children live with single parents.
In the United States, 72.6% of single parents are mothers compared to the 27.4% who are fathers. (America's Families and Living Arrangements: 2011 - Table FG10. Family Groups: 2011, United States Census Bureau), among this percentage of single mothers, there are a number of factors that contribute to single motherhood: 45% of single mothers are currently divorced or separated, 1.7% are widowed, 34% not married, and others as a result of adoption, artificial insemination, or in vitro fertilization.
According to Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2007, released by the U.S. Census Bureau in November, 2009, there are approximately 13.7 million single parents in the United States today, and those parents are responsible for raising 21.8 million children (approximately 26% of children under21 in the U.S. today).
Sometimes putting yourself in their shoes, you can't help but wonder how on earth single parents have been able to cope over the years; especially for those you earn a “less than decent” income per month!
In the United States, 27% of single mothers live below the poverty line, because they lack the financial resources needed to take care of themselves and their child, since the father is unresponsive.
According to U.S. Census Bureau, Children’s Living Arrangements and Characteristics, it is reported that children in father absent homes are four times more likely to be poor. In fact, 12 percent of children were living in poverty by 2011 compared to the 44 percent of children in mother-only families.
It was also reported from the adoption website that children whom came from single-parent families are faced with different academic risks. One of such risks is the fact that they do not always have time to come to school functions or even have enough time to help their children with home works because they spend so much time away from home doing multiple jobs just.
It has also been discovered by the education that the education level of the mother and her marital status usually affects the academic readiness of the child when starting kindergarten.